• Technical Name
  • Assessment of immunization regimens of duck Riemerella anatipestifer vaccines
  • Operator
  • National Pingtung of Science and Technology
  • Booth
  • Online display only
  • Contact
  • 張宛臻
  • Email
  • dog811139@gmail.com
Technical Description Riemerella anatipestifer infections of goslings and ducklings can result in high mortality. Since there are at least 21 serotypes of R. anatipestifer, cross-protection is an important goal for vaccine development.
In this study, we evaluated the immunostimulatory effect of different immunization regimens: the traditional inactivated vaccine versus prime-boost regimens using DNA and protein subunit vaccines (DNA + subunit, subunit + subunit, subunit + inactivated, and DNA + DNA). Results showed that, when compared to the inactivated vaccine, prime-boost regimens induced higher and up to 16-week longer lasting levels of antibody responses, significantly elevated the percentage of the cytotoxic CD8+ T cell, and higher expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-12 mRNAs. Furthermore, as an indication of cross-protection, sera from prime-boost regimens were able to recognize lysates of R. anatipestifer serotypes 1, 2 and 6.
Scientific Breakthrough Prime-boost regimens especially DNA-prime and protein-boost, induce strong long-term immune response and may prove protective for breeder ducks requiring long-term protection. It is worth mentioning that the Subunit + Inactivated regimen group also elicited strong immune response. The cost of this regimen may only be half of the other prime-boost regimens, making this subunit + inactivated combination an attractive option. Furthermore, as an indication of cross-protection, sera from prime-boost regimens were able to recognize lysates of R. anatipestifer serotypes 1, 2 and 6.
Industrial Applicability In field application, vaccines that induce longer and stronger immunities can be used for breeder ducks, which require longer periods of protection than meat ducks. Stronger vaccines used for breeder ducks may also confer higher passive immunity to ducklings. Although the cost of a single prime-boost regimen using DNA and subunit vaccines could be higher than that of the conventional inactivated vaccine, better protection form prime-boost regimens could mean fewer repeated vaccinations and lower costs overall.
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